Top 10 things you didn’t know about white sharks

Written by Michelle Wcisel
1) They are picky eaters

South Africa is an area of high whale abundance, and when a whale dies, the white sharks come rushing in!  Recent research highlighted that “sharks generally exhibited an initial preference for feeding on the whale caudal peduncle and fluke, before moving to feed along the rest of the body” (Fallow et al. 2013).  Sharks will feed for hours on a dead whale carcass to the point where they “would simply bounce off the carcass and slowly sink underwater.”  Talk about gluttony!!

2) They are 
warm-blooded (kind of)
White sharks are “lamnid sharks” which have a unique system called a ‘counter current heat exchange,’keeping their body warmer than the outside conditions by +/- 10-15 C°. So if a white shark is in 9 C° water, its body temperature will be +/- 19-24 C° and so on.  The generator of all this heat comes from the long muscles running down the length of their bodies, which charge a core of ‘white muscle’ ready for quick bursts of energy even in cold environments, which is why they are the apex predator of our temperate seas. Researchers call this, “heterothermy”.

3) They can 
heal themselves
Many white sharks have been shown to heal themselves for minor wounds, but there has never been such a severe case as ‘Prop’ – a Gansbaai shark that was nearly split in half by a boat propeller.  In 9 months, this shark’s wounds were entirely healed (see the video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Schx_uFlqL0#t=19 ).

4) They like it 
rough



White sharks have never been filmed mating, but we have a good indication that there are no roses and poetry involved!  We have seen several female white sharks with bite wounds along the gill areas (above!)

5) They don’t have passports



Gansbaai white sharks have been documented in Mozambique, near Marion Island, Madagascar, even western Australia!

6) Where they 
give birth

You don’t know this about white sharks because NO ONE knows this about white sharks.  White sharks around 1.0-1.7m are considered young of the year and are seldom documented along the South Africa coastline.  Internationally, YOY white sharks are regularly found within the southern California bite in summer time.

7) They save lives

Problem: Hospital acquired infections kill 99,000 people/year.  Solution: Shark skin?  Fine, this isn’t white shark specific, but it turns out that shark skin’s unique design makes it almost impossible for living organisms to attach and grow on its surface (which is why you never see a shark covered in algae – for example!). Biomimicry engineers have developed shark skin surfaces to implement in hospitals, cutting bacteria growth by over 80%!

8) They have blue eyes

No “black dead eyes of a killer” here!  They actually have beautiful baby blues.

9) They 
like calamari

White shark stomach contents off of KZN found cephalopod beaks in 24 white sharks.  Of the 24, small 2.5m sharks had “mesopelagic and oceanic prey with few coastal taxa.

10) They can get massive!

Check out this well over 5.0m female next to a 4.5m cage….ay caramba!

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